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The 1 ♥ and 1 ♠ openings: 

The requirements for the 1 ♥/♠ openings

(Literature: Glenn Groetheim / Alan Sontag, The Viking Precision Club, Norway 2002)

11-15 HP, 5+ cards in the bid major

If one also possesses a 6 card minor as well as a 5 card major, one can freely select whether to open one of a major or 1 with 6 or respectively 2 ♣ with 6 ♣.

 

We open majors relatively aggressively.  In first and second position, they must be respectable, but because we can profit on the one hand from the preempt-like effect and on the other hand one can definitely sometimes make 4 or 4♠ with relatively little points, we are less reserved than in opening 1 .  The minimum in unbalanced hands is 10 HP.  Basically here also:  We open each hand if we have at least 12 HP.  If we have only 11 HP in first and second seat, we always open if we have at least 2 defensive tricks and have no difficulties with the rebid (regardless of which bid partner has chosen).  If we do not have a rebid in all cases, we at least think seriously about a pass.

 

However unbalanced hands are opened aggressively in the majors.

 

Open e.g. 1 ♠ with                 ♠ AKxxx        or         ♠ AQxxxx

                                               ♥ xx                            KJxx

                                               ♦ Axxx                       xx

                                               ♣ xx                            ♣ xx

 

In particular the following points are important in deciding whether to open or not:

 

-          The points that you own

-          The top tricks that you own

-          The distribution of your hand

 

With balanced hands you need more HP for an opening than with unbalanced hands. What does one understand by top tricks? We understand by that honours and honour combinations which, both in offence and in defence, promise quick realizable tricks.

 

AK

corresponds to 2 top tricks

A

corresponds to 1 top trick

AQ

corresponds 1 top tricks

KQ

corresponds to 1 top trick

K2

corresponds to top trick

 


 

 

 

So again let it be stressed in summary:  An opening in first and second seat promises either a minimum of 11 HP or else from 2 top tricks (2 in the long suits) and a trouble-free rebid.

 

This changes with openings in third and fourth seat.  Here is for the following reasons opened aggressively:

 

-           Partner, who opens only good hands in first and second seat, must be protected.

-           Life should be made difficult for the opponents.  Therefore third hand openings in particular are also so outstandingly suitable for bluff bids.

 

In third and fourth seat, one can also open a 4 card major if it is reasonably good.  However, I have a small practical tip for you:  Open 4 card majors only with a good suit, because you will often play in a 4-3 trump fit (because partner always assumes a 5 card suit with you).  Further partners possible lead should not also end in disaster.  One should make this bluff with a 4 card suit only if one does not have the strength of at least a normal opening.  In the latter case, you open totally normally as provided for by the system in order to always reach the correct contract.

 

If you have a reasonable 5 card major, I recommend that you open in third and fourth seat generally from 9/10 HP.

 

Indeed one must still follow the Spade rule in fourth seat.  Add up your HP and add to the result your ♠ length:  If the total is less than 15, you should pass (for we do not want to open for the opponents).

 

Here are two examples of openings in third seat:

 

Example 1

 

 

Example 2:

 

1♠

The opening can be even weaker

 

1 NT

But only non-vulnerable!

♠ KJxxx

 

 

♠ K10xx

 

109x

 

 

Qxx

 

Kxx

 

 

Kxx

 

♣ Qx

 

 

♣ K98

 

 

 

In general consider the following before opening with a weak hand in third seat:  Are you in a position to find a reasonable bid if for example partner bids your shortage?


 

 

 

The subsequent bidding after 1 ♥/♠ - the responses:

 

 

Basically the following bids are based on the 1 NT and 2 ♣ bids after major suit openings.  1 NT is a relay and forces to game.  2 ♣ is also a relay and is used with inviting hands.  1 NT is played after openings in first and second place as forcing to game.  To the responses:

 

1

Pass:

0-5 HP, with 3-2-4-4, 3-2-4-5 or 2-2-4-5 after openings in first or second seat 7(8) HP possible

 

1 ♠:

Natural, 6+ HP, 4+ ♠, forcing for one round (however never to game, also the later bid of the fourth suit is only forcing for one round)

 

1 NT:

After openings in 1./2. seat:  Relay Trigger, forcing to game

After openings in third and fourth seat:  Natural, 6-10(11) HP

 

2♣:

After openings in 1./2. seat:  Relay with inviting hands

After openings in third and fourth seat:  modified Two way Drury, fit with 4+ cards, inquiry after strength of partner, shows 10-11 HP

 

2 :

After openings in 1./2. seat:  5+ , 6-11 HP, not forcing

After openings in third and fourth seat:  modified Two way Drury, fit with exactly 3 cards, inquiry after strength of partner, shows 10-11 HP

 

2 :

After openings in 1./2. seat:  5-9(10) HP, exactly 3

After openings in third and fourth seat:  5-9(10) HP, 3-4

 

2 ♠:

After openings in 1./2. seat:  5-8 HP, 6 ♠, no fit

After openings in third and fourth seat:  Fit in , 8-9(10) HP, long suit trial, therefore shows a fit in (4 cards) and a second suit in which one seeks support, 8-9(10) HP

 

2 NT:

After openings in 1./2. seat:  5-10 HP, at least 5-5 in the minors, forcing to 3 ♣

After openings in third and fourth seat:  Short suit trial, therefore shows a fit in (4 cards) and singleton ♣ and 8-9(10) HP (with a NT distribution and 11 HP, bid one 1 NT)

 

3 ♣:

After openings in 1./2. seat:  Natural, inviting, good 6 ♣, single suiter, no fit in

After openings in third and fourth seat:  After 3./4. hand:  Short suit trial, therefore shows a fit in (4 cards) and singleton and 8-9(10) HP

 

3 :

After openings in 1./2. seat:  10-12 HP, 4

After openings at third and fourth seat:  Short suit trial, therefore shows fit in (4 cards) and singleton ♠ and 8-9(10) HP

 

3 :

After openings in 1./2. seat:  Natural, inviting with distributional values, 6-9 HP, 4

After openings in 3./4. seat:  5 , pre-emptive, 6-10 HP

 


 

 

 


 

1

3 ♠:

Natural, inviting, good 6 ♠ missing only one top honour, single suiter, no fit in

 

3 NT:

Splinter (singleton or void) in ♠, 11-13 HP, good distribution, at least 4

 

4 ♣:

Splinter (singleton or void) in ♣, 11-13 HP, good distribution, at least 4

 

4 :

Splinter (singleton or void) in , 11-13 HP, good distribution, at least 4

 

4 :

After 1./2. hand:  4-9 HP, or sometimes stronger, however always a hand which cannot make a slam, 5 , one often has a singleton in the weak variant

After 3./4. hand:  4-9 HP, 6

 

4 ♠:

Exclusion Key Card Blackwood (5 ace ask excluding the ace in bid suit (♠)), 4 NT shows 4/1, 5 ♣ shows 3/0 etc.

 

4 NT:

Ace ask (only the 4 original aces), 5 ♣ 1 ace, 5 shows 0 etc.

 

5 ♣:

Exclusion Key Card Blackwood (5 ace ask excluding the ace in bid suit (♣)), 5 shows  3/0, 5 shows  4/1 etc.

 

5 :

Exclusion Key Card Blackwood (5 ace ask excluding the ace in bid suit ()), 5 shows  3/0, 5 ♠ shows 4/1 etc.

 

 

 

 

1 ♠

Pass:

0-5 HP, with 2-3-4-4, 2-3-4-5 or 2-2-4-5 after openings at first or second suit 7(8) HP possible

 

1 NT:

After openings in 1./2. seat:  Relay Trigger, game forcing

After openings in third and fourth seat:  Natural, 6-10(11) HP

 

2 ♣:

After openings in 1./2. seat:  Relay with inviting hands

After openings in third and fourth seat:  modified Two way Drury, fit with 4+ cards, inquiry after strength of partner, shows 10-11 HP

 

2 :

After openings in 1./2. seat:  5+ , 6-11 HP, not forcing

After openings in third and fourth seat:  modified Two way Drury, fit with exactly 3 cards, inquiry after strength of partner, shows 10-11 HP

 

2 :

5+ , 6-11 HP, not forcing

 

2 ♠:

After openings in 1./2. seat:  5-9(10) HP, exactly 3 ♠

After openings in third and fourth seat:  5-9(10) HP, 3-4 ♠

 

2 NT:

After openings in 1./2. seat:  5-10 HP, at least 5-5 in the minors, forcing to 3 ♣

After openings in third and fourth seat:  Long suit trial, therefore shows a fit in ♠ (4 cards) and a second suit in which one seeks support, 8-9(10) HP (with a NT distribution and 11 HP, bid one 1 NT)

 

3 ♣:

After openings in 1./2. seat:  Natural, inviting, good 6 ♣, single suiter, no fit in ♠

After openings in third and fourth seat:  After 3./4. hand:  Short suit trial, therefore shows a fit in ♠ (4 cards) and singleton and 8-9(10) HP

 

3 :

After openings in 1./2. seat:  10-12 HP, 4 ♠

After openings in third and fourth seat:  Short suit trial, therefore shows a fit in ♠ (4 cards) and singleton and 8-9(10) HP

 


 

 

 

1 ♠

3 :

After openings in 1./2. seat:  6-9 HP, 4 ♠

After openings in third and fourth seat:  Short suit trial, therefore shows a fit in ♠ (4 cards) and singleton ♣ and 8-9(10) HP

 

3 ♠:

After openings in 1./2. seat:  Natural, inviting with distributional values, 0-3 HP, 5 ♠ or 4-5 HP, 4 ♠ (vulnerable not forcing)

After openings in 3./4. seat:  5 ♠, pre-emptive, 6-10 HP

 

3 NT:

Splinter (singleton) in , 11-13 HP, good distribution, at least 4 ♠

 

4 ♣:

Splinter (singleton or void) in ♣, 11-13 HP, good distribution, at least 4 ♠

 

4 :

Splinter (singleton or void) in , 11-13 HP, good distribution, at least 4 ♠

 

4 :

Splinter (void) in , 11-13 HP, good distribution, at least 4 ♠

 

4 ♠:

After 1./2. hand 4-9 HP, or sometimes stronger, however always a hand which cannot make a slam, 5 ♠, one often has a singleton in the weak variant

After 3./4. hand:  4-9 HP, 6 ♠

 

4 NT:

Ace ask  the 4 original aces (5 ♣= 1 ace, 5 = 0 aces)

 

5 ♣:

Exclusion Key Card Blackwood (5 ace ask excluding the ace in bid suit (♣)), (5 3/0, 5 4/1 etc.)

 

5 :

Exclusion Key Card Blackwood (5 ace ask excluding the ace in bid suit ()), (5 3/0, 5 ♠ 4/1 etc.)

 

5 :

Exclusion Key Card Blackwood (5 ace ask excluding the ace in bid suit ()), (5 ♠ 3/0, 5 NT 4/1 etc. shows).

 

 

The bidding after the Relay Trigger of 1 NT:

 

 

The bid of 1 NT deserves special notice as it is forcing to game after openings in first and second seat.  It shows (12)13+ HP.

 

Do you have doubt about not playing the bid as natural?  The advantages of playing the bid as forcing predominate by far.  It gives your bidding considerably more flexibility.  And pay attention to the following:  If one plays in 1 NT after a minor suit opening, the contract is often sound, which is rarely the case after major suit openings (especially after 1 ♠).  Experience shows that the major suit often plays better in a 5-2 fit than 1 NT.  The advantages clearly predominate:

 

We can find out the distributions without losing bidding room

Often the final contract is 3 NT; thanks to the relay of 1 NT the correct hand plays immediately, the one, that is to say, with which all enquiries are made via relay, without the opponents learning anything about this hand.  What they know, they see on the table after the lead.

 

After openings in first and second seat, responder can therefore start a relay with 1 NT.  After openers responses, the next step is always


 

 

 

a further relay.  If one does not know the entire distribution yet, the relay asks for further distribution; if one knows the exact distribution, the relay is an ace ask (the next relay is for kings, after that follows the queen ask).  At the same time respectively only the 4 cards are queried, this after the scheme Crash (Colour-Rank-And-SHape): 

 

If the first ask is at the 2, 3 or 4: level:

 

Crash step 1:  1 or 4 aces

Crash step 2:  0 or 3 aces

Crash step 3:  2 aces of the same colour (red or black)

Crash step 4:  2 aces of the same rank, therefore in the majors or in the minors

Crash step 5:  2 aces of unequal colour or unequal rank, therefore  and or and  

 

It continues analogously after the next relay for kings and then for queens.  The bid of game in the trump suit or respectively a suit in which partner has shown 4+ cards is never a relay (then the next higher bid is the relay).

 

If the second or third ask is done with 5 ♣ or higher:

 

Crash step 1:  0 or 3 kings (queens)

Crash step 2:  1 or 4 kings (queens)

Crash step 3:  2 kings (queens) of the same colour (red or black)

Crash step 4:  2 kings (queens) of the same rank, therefore in the majors or in the minors

Crash step 5:  2 kings (queens) of unequal colour or unequal rank, therefore and or and

 

If the first ask occurs at 4 NT:

 

Crash step 1:  1 or 4 aces

Crash step 2:  0 or 3 aces

Crash step 3:  2 aces

 

If the first ask occurs at 5 ♣ or higher:  

 

Crash step 1:  0 or 3 aces

Crash step 2:  1 or 4 aces

Crash step 3:  2 aces

 

If the response has shown an honour, one can clarify in which suit this top card is.  Instead of bidding the first relay suit, one simply bids the next higher suit (or No Trumps) which cannot be trumps (therefore has not shown 4+ cards).  The replies are as follows:

 

With one shown honour:

 

Step 1:  Honour in the longest suit (if two equally long suits:  In the lower ranking suit)

Step 2:  Honour in the second longest suit

Step 3:  Honour in the second shortest suit

Step 4:  Honour in the shortest suit


 

 

 

With two shown honours:

 

Step 1:  Honours in both longer suits

Step 2:  Honours in both shorter suits

 

With three shown honours: 

 

Step 1:  The honour is missing in the shortest suit

Step 2:  The honour is missing in the second shortest suit

Step 3:  The honour is missing in the second longest suit

Step 4:  The honour is missing in the longest suit

 

Here too, with two equally long suits:  Show the lower suit first.

 

If the opponent doubles a relay by the enquirer, responder bids on as if there had been no double if he has the ace or at least king doubleton in the doubled suit. Otherwise he waits for his partners redouble and then bids his responses.  If on the other hand the opponent bids a suit, pass shows the first step (partners double is then again the relay), double the second step and so on. If the opponent doubles a response to the relay, enquirers pass replaces his relay (responder redoubles for step one, bids the first step for step two etc.), redouble is to play. If the opponent bids after a response within the relay sequences, enquirers pass replaces the relay, double on the other hand is for penalty. Responders first step is then double.

 

Responder can always break out of the relay sequences if he selects another bid.  Therewith the end contract is determined.


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣:

 

Maximum hand, 14-15 points 2 is a relay

2 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, exactly 5 and a minor as a second suit (4+ cards) 2 is 54 Pick-up relay

2 :

 

(10)11-13 points, 5+ and 4-5 ♠ (5 ♠ only with 5-5 in the majors) or balanced hand with minimum 2 ♠ is a 54 Pick-up relay

2 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ , single suiter 2 NT is a Six-shooter relay

2 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ , 4 card minor 3 ♣ is a relay

3 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 5 and 5+ ♣ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 5 and 5+ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ and 5 ♣ 3 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ and 5 4 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ and 5 ♠ 4 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ and 6+ ♣ 4 is a Sidestep relay

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ and 6+ 4 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8+ with no second suit

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 :

 

14-15 points, 5+ and 4-5 ♠ or balanced hand 2 ♠ is a 54 Pick-up relay

2 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ , single suiter 2 NT is a Six-shooter relay

2 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ , 4 card minor - 3 ♣ is a relay

3 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 5 and 4 ♣ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 5 and 4 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 6+ and 5 ♣ 3 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ and 5 4 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ and 5 ♠ 4 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ and 6+ ♣ 4 is a Sidestep relay

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6+ and 6+ 4 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

 


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2

2 ♠

 

2 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5 and any 3-3-2 3 ♣ is a Splinter relay

3 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ and 4 ♠ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 5 and 5 ♠, very bad ♠ (otherwise one would have opened 1 ♠) 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 4-5-2-2 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 4-5-1-3 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 4-5-3-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 4-5-0-4 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 4-5-4-0 4 ♠ is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2

2 ♠

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 3-5-3-2 3 is Crash

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 3-5-2-3 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 2-5-3-3 4 ♣ is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2

2 ♠

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 4-6-1-2 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 4-6-2-1 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 4-6-0-3 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 4-6-3-0 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 4-7-1-1 4 NT is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 4-7-0-2 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 4-7-2-0 5 ♣ is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 4-8-0-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 4-8-1-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 4-9-0-0 5 NT is Crash

 


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2

2 ♠

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 5-5-1-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5-5-2-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 5-5-0-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-5-3-0 4 NT is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 6 and any 3-2-2 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 6 and any 3-3-1 3 is a Splinter relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 7 and any 3-2-1 3 is a Splinter relay

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 3-7-3-0 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 2-7-2-2 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 3-7-0-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-7-3-3 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 8 without second suit 4 ♠ RKCBW 41/30 with as trumps

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 2-6-2-3 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 2-6-3-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 3-6-2-2 4 ♣ is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 3-6-3-1 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 3-6-1-3 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 1-6-3-3 4 is Crash

 


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 2-7-3-1 or 3-7-2-1 4 ♣ is RKCBW 41/30 with as trumps

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 2-7-1-3 or 3-7-2-3 4 is RKCBW 41/30 with as  trumps

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 1-7-2-3 or 1-7-3-2 4 ♠ is RKCBW 41/30 with as trumps

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 6+ and 4 ♣ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 6+ and 4 3 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 1-6-2-4 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 2-6-1-4 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 0-6-3-4 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 3-6-0-4 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 1-7-1-4 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 0-7-2-4 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 2-7-0-4 5 is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 0-8-1-4 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 1-8-0-4 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-9-0-4 5 ♠ is Crash

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 1-6-4-2 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 2-6-4-1 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-6-4-3 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 3-6-4-0 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 1-7-4-1 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 0-7-4-2 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 2-7-4-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-8-4-1 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 1-8-4-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 0-9-4-0 5 NT is Crash


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 2-5-2-4 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 1-5-3-4 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 3-5-1-4 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 0-5-4-4 4 is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 2-5-4-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 1-5-4-3 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 3-5-4-1 4 is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 1-6-1-5 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 0-6-2-5 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 2-6-0-5 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-7-1-5 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 1-7-0-5 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 0-8-0-5 5 is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

3 ♠

4 ♣

 

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 1-6-5-1 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-6-5-2 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 2-6-5-0 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 0-7-5-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 1-7-5-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-8-5-0 5 ♠ is Crash

 


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

3 NT

4 ♣

 

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-6-1-1 4 NT is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-6-0-2 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 5-6-2-0 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5-7-0-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 5-7-1-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-8-0-0 5 NT is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-7-0-0 5 NT is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

4 ♣

4

 

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-6-1-6 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 1-6-0-6 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 0-6-0-7 5 is Crash

5 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 0-7-0-6 5 is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

4

4 ♠

 

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 0-6-6-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 1-6-6-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-6-7-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-7-6-0 5 ♠ is Crash

 

1

1 NT

 

2

2

 

2 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5 , 4 ♣ 2 NT is a Sidestep relay

2 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5 , 4 3 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

3 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5 , 5 ♣ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5 , 5 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5 , 6 ♣ 3 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5 , 6 4 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

 

1

1 NT

 

2

2

 

2 ♠ 

2 NT

 

3 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-5-2-4 3 is Crash

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-5-3-4 3 is Crash

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-5-1-4 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-5-4-4 4 ♣ is Crash


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2

2

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-5-4-2 3 is Crash

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-5-4-3 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-5-4-1 4 ♣ is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2

2

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-5-2-5 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-5-1-5 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-5-3-5 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-5-0-5 4 is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2

2

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-5-5-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-5-5-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-5-5-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-5-5-0 4 ♠ is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2

2

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-5-1-6 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-5-2-6 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-5-0-6 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-5-1-7 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-5-0-7 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-5-0-8 5 is Crash

 

1

1 NT

 

2

2

 

3 ♠

4 ♣

 

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-5-6-1 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-5-6-2 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-5-6-0 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-5-7-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-5-7-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-5-8-0 5 ♠ is Crash


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2

2 ♠

 

2 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5 and any 3-3-2 3 ♣ is a Splinter relay)

3 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ and 4 ♠ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5 and 5 ♠, very bad ♠ (otherwise one would have opened 1 ♠ ) 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-5-2-2 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-5-1-3 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-5-3-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-5-0-4 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-5-4-0 4 NT is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2

2 ♠

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-5-3-2 3 is Crash

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-5-2-3 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-5-3-3 4 ♣ is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2

2 ♠

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-6-1-2 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-6-2-1 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-6-0-3 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-6-3-0 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-7-1-1 4 NT is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-7-0-2 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-7-2-0 5 ♣ is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-8-0-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-8-1-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 4-9-0-0 5 NT is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2

2 ♠

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-5-1-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-5-2-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-5-0-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-5-3-0 4 NT is Crash

 


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6 and any 3-2-2 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6 and any 3-3-1 3 is a Splinter relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7 and any 3-2-1 3 is a Splinter relay

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-7-3-0 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-7-2-2 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-7-0-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-7-3-3 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8 without second suit 4 ♠ is RKCBW 41/30 with as trumps

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-6-2-3 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-6-3-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-6-2-2 4 ♣ is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-6-3-1 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-6-1-3 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-6-3-3 4 is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-7-3-1 or 3-7-2-1 4 ♣ is RKCBW 41/30 with as trumps

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-7-1-3 or 3-7-1-2 4 is RKCBW 41/30 with as trumps

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-7-2-3 or 1-7-3-2 4 ♠ is RKCBW 41/30 is with as trumps

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ and 4 ♣ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ and 4 3 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

 


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-6-2-4 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-6-1-4 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-6-3-4 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-6-0-4 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-7-1-4 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-7-2-4 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-7-0-4 5 is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-8-1-4 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-8-0-4 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-9-0-4 5 ♠ is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-6-4-2 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-6-4-1 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-6-4-3 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 3-6-4-0 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-7-4-1 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-7-4-2 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-7-4-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-8-4-1 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-8-4-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-9-4-0 5 NT is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 1-5-2-5 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 2-5-1-5 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 0-5-3-5 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 3-5-0-5 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 1-5-1-6 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-5-2-6 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 2-5-0-6 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 0-5-1-7 5 is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 1-5-0-7 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-5-0-8 5 ♠ is Crash

 


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

3

3  

 

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 1-5-5-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 2-5-5-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 0-5-5-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 3-5-5-0 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 1-5-6-1 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 0-5-6-2 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 2-5-6-0 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 0-5-7-1 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 1-5-7-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 0-5-8-0 5 NT is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-6-1-5 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-6-2-5 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-6-0-5 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-7-1-5 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-7-0-5 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-8-0-5 5 is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

3 ♠

4 ♣

 

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-6-5-1 4 ♠ is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-6-5-2 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 2-6-5-0 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-7-5-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-7-5-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-8-5-0 5 ♠ is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

3 NT

4 ♣

 

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-6-1-1 4 NT is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-6-0-2 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-6-2-0 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-7-0-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-7-1-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-8-0-0 5 NT is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-7-0-0 5 NT is Crash

 


 

 

 

1

1 NT

 

4 ♣

4

 

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-6-1-6 4 ♠ is Crash

4 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-6-0-6 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-6-0-7 5 is Crash

5 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-7-0-6 5 is Crash

 

 

1

1 NT

 

4

4 ♠

 

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-6-6-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 1-6-6-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-6-7-0 5 ♠ is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 0-7-6-0 5 ♠ is Crash

 

 

 

After a 1 ♠ opening, bidding is fundamentally the same, simply that the bids of the suit show the ♠ suit (and vice versa).  To complete the picture, we also present these sequences in full.

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣:

 

Maximum hand, 14-15 points 2 is a relay

2 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, a minor as a second suit 2 is a 54 Pick-up relay

2 :

 

(10)11-13 points, 5+ ♠ and 4-5 (5 only with 5-5 in the majors) or balanced hand with minimum 2 ♠ is a 54 Pick-up relay

2 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ ♠, single suiter 2 NT is a Six-shooter relay

2 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ ♠, 4 card minor 3 ♣ is a relay

3 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 5 ♠ and 5+ ♣ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 5 ♠ and 5+ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ ♠ and 5 ♣ 3 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ ♠ and 5 4 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ ♠ and 5 4 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ ♠ and 6+ ♣ 4 is a Sidestep relay

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ ♠ and 6+ 4 is a Sidestep relay

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-6 in ♠ and 4 NT is RKCBW 41/30 with ♠ or as a trumps

4 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8+ ♠, no second suit 4 NT is RKCBW 41/30 with ♠ as trumps 

 


 

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 :

 

14-15 points, 5+ ♠ and 4-5 (5 only with 5-5 in the majors) or balanced hand 2 ♠ is a 54 Pick-up relay

2 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ ♠, single suiter 2 NT is a Six-shooter relay

2 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ ♠, 4 card minor 3 ♣ is relay

3 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 5 ♠ and 4 ♣ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 5 ♠ and 4 3 is a Sidestep relay

3

 

14-15 HP, 6+ ♠ and 5 ♣ 3 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ ♠ and 5 4 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ ♠ and 5 4 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ ♠ and 6+ ♣ 4 is a Sidestep relay

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6+ ♠ and 6+ 4 is a Sidestep relay

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-6 in ♠ and 4 NT is RKCBW 41/30 with ♠ or as trumps

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2

2 ♠

 

2 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5 ♠ and any 3-3-2 3 ♣ is a Splinter relay)

3 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 6+ ♠ and 4 3 relay is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 5 ♠ and 5 3 relay is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-4-2-2 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 5-4-1-3 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5-4-3-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 5-4-0-4 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-4-4-0 4 NT is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2

2 ♠

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-3-3-2 3 is Crash

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-3-2-3 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 5-2-3-3 4 ♣ is Crash

 


 

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2

2 ♠

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-4-1-2 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 6-4-2-1 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6-4-0-3 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 6-4-3-0 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 7-4-1-1 4 NT is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 7-4-0-2 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 7-4-2-0 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 8-4-0-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 8-4-1-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 9-4-0-0 5 NT is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2

2 ♠

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 5-5-1-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5-5-2-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 5-5-0-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-5-3-0 4 NT is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 6 ♠ and any 3-2-2 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 6 ♠ and any 3-3-1 3 is a Splint relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 7 ♠ and any 3-2-1 3 ♠ is a Splinter-relay

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 7-3-3-0 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 7-2-2-2 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 7-3-0-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 7-0-3-3 4 is Crash

4 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 8 ♠ without second suit 4NT is RKCBW 41/30 with ♠ as trumps

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-2-2-3 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 6-2-3-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6-3-2-2 4 ♣ is Crash


 

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 6-3-3-1 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6-3-1-3 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 6-1-3-3 4 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 7-2-3-1 or 7-3-2-1 4 ♣ is RKCBW 41/30 with ♠ as trumps

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 7-2-1-3 or 7-3-1-2 4 is RKCBW 41/30 with ♠ as trumps

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 7-1-2-3 or 7-1-3-2 4 is RKCBW 41/30 with ♠ as trumps

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 6+ ♠ and 4 ♣ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 6+ ♠ and 4 3 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 6-1-2-4 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6-2-1-4 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 6-0-3-4 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-3-0-4 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 7-1-1-4 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 7-0-2-4 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 7-2-0-4 5 is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 8-0-1-4 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 8-1-0-4 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 9-0-0-4 5 NT is Crash

 


 

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6-1-4-2 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 6-2-4-1 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-0-4-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-3-4-0 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 7-1-4-1 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 7-0-4-2 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 7-2-4-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 8-0-4-1 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 8-1-4-0 5 NT is Crash

5 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 9-0-4-0 5 NT is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-2-2-4 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 5-1-3-4 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5-3-1-4 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 5-0-4-4 4 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 5-2-4-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5-1-4-3 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 5-3-4-1 4 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6-1-1-5 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 6-0-2-5 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-2-0-5 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 7-0-1-5 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 7-1-0-5 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 8-0-0-5 5 is Crash

 


 

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

3 ♠

4 ♣

 

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-1-5-1 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-0-5-2 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 6-2-5-0 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 7-0-5-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 7-1-5-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 8-0-5-0 5 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

3 NT

4 ♣

 

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-5-1-1 4 NT is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-5-0-2 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 6-5-2-0 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 7-5-0-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 7-5-1-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 8-5-0-0 5 NT is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 7-6-0-0 5 NT is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

4 ♣

4

 

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-0-1-6 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 6-1-0-6 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6-0-0-7 5 is Crash

5 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 7-0-0-6 5 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♣

2

 

4

4 ♠

 

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 6-0-6-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 6-1-6-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 6-0-7-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 7-0-6-0 5 NT is Crash

 


 

 

 

1 ♠ 

1 NT

 

2

2

 

2 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5♠, 4♣ 2 NT is a Sidestep relay

2 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5♠, 4 3 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

3 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5♠, 5♣ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5♠, 5 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5♠, 6♣ 3 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5♠, 6 4 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5♠, 7♣ 4 ♣ is a Sidestep relay

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5♠, 7 4 is a Sidestep relay

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2

2

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-2-2-4 3 is Crash

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-1-3-4 3 is Crash

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-3-1-4 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-0-4-4 4 ♣ is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2

2

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-2-4-2 3 is Crash

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-1-4-3 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-3-4-1 4 ♣ is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2

2

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-1-2-5 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-2-1-5 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-0-3-5 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-3-0-5 4 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2

2

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-1-5-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-2-5-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-0-5-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-3-5-0 4 is Crash


 

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2

2

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-1-1-6 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-0-2-6 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-2-0-6 4 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2

2

 

3 ♠

4 ♣

 

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-1-6-1 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-0-6-2 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-2-6-0 4 NT is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2

2 ♠

 

2 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5 ♠ and any 3-3-2 3 ♣ is a Splinter relay

3 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ ♠ and 4 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5 ♠ and 5 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-4-2-2 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-4-1-3 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-4-3-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-4-0-4 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-4-4-0 4 NT is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2

2 ♠

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-3-3-2 3 is Crash

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-3-2-3 3 ♠ is Crash

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-2-3-3 4 ♣ is Crash

 


 

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2

2 ♠

 

3 ♣ 

3

 

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-4-1-2 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-4-2-1 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-4-0-3 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-4-3-0 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-4-1-1 4 NT is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-4-0-2 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-4-2-0 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8-4-0-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8-4-1-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 9-4-0-0 5 NT is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2

2 ♠

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-5-1-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-5-2-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-5-0-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5-5-3-0 4 NT is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6 ♠ and any 3-2-2 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6 ♠ and any 3-3-1 3 is a Splinter relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7 ♠ and any 3-2-1 3 ♠ is a Splinter relay

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-3-3-0 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-2-2-2 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-3-0-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-0-3-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8 ♠ without second suit 4 ♠ is to play, 4 NT is RKCBW 41/30 with ♠ as trumps

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-2-2-3 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-2-3-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-3-2-2 4 ♣ is Crash

 


 

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-3-3-1 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-3-1-3 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-1-3-3 4 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 ♠

2 NT

 

3

3 ♠ 

 

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-2-3-1 or 7-3-2-1 4 ♣ is RKCBW 41/30 with ♠ as trumps

4 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-2-1-3 or 7-3-2-3 4 is RKCBW 41/30 with ♠ as trumps

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-1-2-3 or 7-1-3-2 4 is RKCBW 41/30 with ♠ as trumps

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ ♠ and 4 ♣ 3 is a Sidestep relay

3 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6+ ♠ and 4 3 ♠ is a Sidestep relay

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-1-2-4 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-2-1-4 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-0-3-4 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-3-0-4 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-1-1-4 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-0-2-4 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-2-0-4 5 is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8-0-1-4 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8-1-0-4 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 9-0-0-4 5 NT is Crash

 


 

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

2 NT

3 ♣

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-1-4-2 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-2-4-1 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-0-4-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-3-4-0 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-1-4-1 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-0-4-2 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-2-4-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8-0-4-1 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8-1-4-0 5 NT is Crash

5 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 9-0-4-0 5 NT is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

3 ♣

3

 

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-1-2-5 3 ♠ is Crash

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 5-2-1-5 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5-0-3-5 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 5-3-0-5 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-1-1-6 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-0-2-6 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 5-2-0-6 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5-0-1-7 5 is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 5-1-0-7 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-0-0-8 5 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

3

3

 

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 5-1-5-2 4 ♣ is Crash

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5-2-5-1 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 5-0-5-3 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-3-5-0 4 is Crash

4 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-1-6-1 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

14-15 HP, 5-0-6-2 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

14-15 HP, 5-2-6-0 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

14-15 HP, 5-0-7-1 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-1-7-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

14-15 HP, 5-0-8-0 5 NT is Crash

 


 

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

3

3 ♠

 

3 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-1-1-5 4 ♣ is Crash

4 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-0-2-5 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-2-0-5 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-0-1-5 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-1-0-5 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8-0-0-5 5 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

3 ♠

4 ♣

 

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-1-5-1 4 is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-0-5-2 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-2-5-0 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-0-5-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣ :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-1-5-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8-0-5-0 5 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

3 NT

4 ♣

 

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-5-1-1 4 NT is Crash

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-5-0-2 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-5-2-0 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-5-0-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-5-1-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 8-5-0-0 5 NT is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-6-0-0 5 NT is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

4 ♣

4

 

4 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-0-1-6 4 NT is Crash

4 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-1-0-6 4 NT is Crash

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-0-0-7 5 is Crash

5 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-0-0-6 5 is Crash

 

 

1 ♠

1 NT

 

4

4 ♠

 

4 NT:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-0-6-1 5 ♣ is Crash

5 ♣:

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-1-6-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 6-0-7-0 5 is Crash

5 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 7-0-6-0 5 NT is Crash


 

 

 

The 1 ♥/♠ - 2 ♣ relay:

 

 

After openings in first and second seat, 2 ♣ shows an invitational hand or a hand with about 6-10 and 6+ ♣.  Often it is a rather balanced hand with a moderate fit in openers suit or a hand with which one aims for 3 NT.  But also two suiters with inviting strength are bid via 2 ♣.  Further after first or second hand openings, one can also bid 2 ♣ with hands with 8-9 HP if one has no other bid and a doubleton in openers suit (as a rule with 2 cards in partners suit, 2(-3) cards in the other major as well as 4-4 or 4-5 in the minors): after openings in third or fourth seat, one bids 1 NT.

 

 

1

2 ♣

 

2

 

Relay, waiting bid, forcing for one round, shows hands that may accept an invitation to game if responders next bid discloses a fit.  Also one bids 2 with balanced distribution and 14-15 HP; bid 2 also with hands with which one still has slam ambitions because of extreme distribution.

2 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, as a rule 6+ , not forcing

2 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, natural, 4♠ and 5+

2 NT:

 

11-13 HP, 5 and balanced distribution (4♠ possible with 4-5-2-2) (with 14-15 HP or unbalanced hand one goes via 2 )

3 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 4+ ♣

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 4+  

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 7+ , as a rule not better than AQJxxxx

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, at least 5 ♠ and 6

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, solid 6

4 :

 

Good suit with 7+ , no slam ambition (otherwise bid 2 first)

 

 

Note that in the continuations, bidding the fourth suit is only forcing for one round (and often a stopper ask), with stronger hands, one goes as you know via the relay of 1 NT.

 

 

With all unclear hands, one investigates with the relay of 2 after 2 ♣.


 

 

 

1 ♠

2 ♣

 

2

 

Relay, waiting bid, forcing for one round, shows hands that may accept an invitation to game if responders next bid discloses a fit.  Also one bids 2 with balanced distribution and 14-15 HP; bid 2 also with hands with which one still has slam ambitions because of extreme distribution.

2 :

 

(10)11-13 HP, 5 ♠, 4-5

2 ♠:

 

(10)11-13 HP, natural, 6+ ♠, not forcing

2 NT:

 

11-13 HP, 5 ♠ and balanced distribution (with 14-15 HP or unbalanced hand one bids 2 )

3 ♣:

 

14-15 HP, 4+ ♣

3 :

 

14-15 HP, 4+

3 :

 

14-15 HP, at least 5-4 in the majors

3 ♠:

 

14-15 HP, 7+ ♠, as a rule not better than AQJxxxx

3 NT:

 

14-15 HP, solid 6 ♠

4 ♠:

 

Good suit with 7+ ♠, no slam ambition (otherwise bid 2 first)

 

 

1

2 ♣

Meaning of the bid

2

2 :

8-9(10) HP, 2

 

2 ♠:

Relay, forcing for one round (4th suit); is also used with inviting hands and an unbid 5 card suit

 

2 NT:

Balanced hand with (10)11-13 HP

 

3 ♣:

6+ ♣, game invitational

 

3 :

Inviting with 6+

 

3 :

(9)10-12 HP, 3 card fit in

 

 

1 ♠

2 ♣

Meaning of the bid

2

2 :

Relay, forcing for one round (4th suit); is also used with inviting hands and an unbid 5 card suit

 

2 NT:

Balanced hands with (10)11-13 HP

 

3 ♣:

6+ ♣, game invitational

 

3 :

Inviting with 6+

 

3 :

Inviting with 6+

 

3 ♠:

(9)10-12 HP, 3 card fit in ♠

 

 

After